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Difference between Naxalism and Terrorism.

Difference between Naxalism and Terrorism.

Compare Naxalism and Terrorism.

Differentiate between Naxalism and Terrorism.

Differentiate/Compare/ difference between naxalism and terrorism.

Factors/Criteria

NAXALISM

TERRORISM

Aim:

To overthrow the state by means of force i.e. through armed guerilla warfare.

To create fear in the minds of people by maximal violence.

Basis:

It is usually ideology based like the case of Marxism, Maoism.

It may be ideological, political or religiously motivated.

Target:

Naxalites target the government, civilian administration & security forces.

Target of terrorists is masses with intention of mass destruction.

Perpetrators:

It is carried out usually be non-state actors.

Carried out by both state (Pakistan on India) and non-state actors.

Reason:

Reason for its proliferation is lack of development & governance.

It is proliferated for achieving religious and political goals.

Funding:

Kidnapping, extortion from road/mineral/tendu contractors, looting arms.

Funding from Arab sympathizers, drug trafficking, selling of natural resources.

Type:

It is an internal security threat.

It is an external security threat.

Against:

Can be considered against the government.

It is against the country.

Recruitment:

Pursue coercion or ideological indoctrination to raise cadres.

Use online media for radicalization and lone wolf attacks.

Example:

CPI(Maoist) and People’s War group.

Laskar-e-Taiba, JEM, ISIS.

Red corridor


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